Roseland plantaton near Charleston, South Carolina was purchased in
about 1782 by
a descendant of Outhenyn chiez Heuguenin (1), after it was confiscated
from a Tory baron named John Rose (2). Roseland has been home to
descendants of David until the present day. (3) The oak trees in the
picture are near the family cemetery, which dates back to the
A description of Roseland written in late 1864 by Dr. Henry Marcy, a surgeon with the Union army,
appears in the next column. In 1865 the mansions were burned by troops of
the 144th New York Volunteers under the command of
Gen. William T. Sherman. In a
twist of fate, the sargeant in charge of burning Roseland was another
Huguenin, a descendant of David Huguenin's father. (2, 4)
Over the years, Roseland grew to about 25,000 acres and then
gradually was sold to other owners. However, it is now expanding again
as parts are being repurchased by David L. Huguenin, a descendant
of the original owner. (4) Roseland was the childhood home of David
L., his brothers Edward
and Julius, and their sister Katherine. (1, 2)
Dr. Henry Orlando Marcy, 1837-1924
35th Regt. U.S.C.T.
Diary of a Surgeon, U.S. Army, 1864-1899
Sunday, Dec. 4, 1864
At noon we halted near the plantations of the Huguenin's about a
mile from Roseland, the name of the mansion's house.
In company of several others I went down.
I think it one of the most lovely spots I have ever seen. Pen would fail to do it justice.
It is near the Coosawhatchie R situated on high ground, in a splendid grove of live oaks of a centuries growth. Outhouses and all at a distance bear the look of a country village.
Every outhouse was nicely whitewashed. The grounds were beautifully laid and splendidly kept. The mansion was huge and eloquently furnished.
We found a detachment of the Navy here raising mischief. They were drinking and destroying property most shamefully. The slaves had been all removed.
I obtained a few books. Among others a copy of the Confederate States Regulations which showed that one of the Huguenins was a Capt & a QM. in service. From a colored man I learned that the father had died a few years previous and left 9 plantations and several hundred slaves to two sons and two daughters. The property lay so near the coast they did not dare to trust the slaves to work here and have moved them into the interior. Only a few old men and woman had been left to care for the whole tract. The sons are both in service.
We returned at evening without loss. Spent the day more happily there in camp, yet should have preferred, if the exigency of the service would have permitted, to make our movements other than on Sunday.
We were trying to find where the Bee's Creek Battery is located. We shelled where we suffered it lay and our gunboats have been firing all day with their heavy guns, but they have remained silent.
'Tis said to be a strong work.
For location of Roseland and battery see map. (2)